Barcelona - Wikipedia
Barcelona under Spanish monarchy. The Franco period and the Spanish Civil War. The latter part of the 20th century. General information. Exhibitions and trade fairs. Industries sector. Administration and government divisions. Entertainment and performing arts. Squatter's Movement. Rail, both national and international.
Barcelona (/.ba:[email protected]’[email protected]/[email protected]–[email protected] Catalan: [[email protected]@’[email protected]], Spanish pronunciation: [barthe’lona]), is a city located on the coast of northeastern Spain. It is also the capital and the largest city in Catalonia. It has a population of approximately 1.6 million residents within its city limits.  The urban area also extends into many neighboring municipalities in the Province of Barcelona. This makes it the fifth-most populous urban area of the European Union, after Paris, Madrid, Madrid, and the Ruhr. It is located along the coast between the mouths the rivers Llobregat & Besos and is bordered to the west and bound by the Serra de Collserola mountains range, whose tallest peak is 512m (1,680ft).
Barcelona was founded as a Roman city. It became the county's capital in the Middle Ages. Barcelona was the capital of the Principality of Catalonia until it joined the Kingdom of Aragon to create the Confederation of Crown of Aragon. It was the first major city in the Crown of Aragon. Valencia took over from the Arab dominance of the Crown shortly before the 1492 dynastic union of the Crown of Castile with the Crown of Aragon. Barcelona is a culturally rich city that is a major tourist attraction and cultural center. The architectural works of Antoni Gaudi, Lluis Domenech i Montaner and Lluis Domenech i Montaner are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Two of Spain's most prominent universities are located in the city: Pompeu Fabra University and the University of Barcelona. Barcelona is home to the Union for the Mediterranean headquarters. Barcelona is well-known for hosting the 1992 Summer Olympics, as well as many international sporting tournaments and conferences.