Foshan - Wikipedia
Pre-20th century. 20th century and beyond. Administration. Transportation. Sister cities. Notable people. External links.
Foshan (UK, /foU’Saen/, US, /-Sayn/), also known as Fatshan in China, is a city at the prefecture level. It is located in central Guangdong Province. The prefecture's total area is 3,848km2 (1,486 sq mi), and the population was 9,498,863 at the 2020 census. The city is located on the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone's western side. It was home to 65.694,622 people as of 2020, excluding Hong Kong.
Foshan is known for Cantonese opera (a type of Chinese opera); Nanquan (a martial art); and lion dancing.
Foshan, the pinyin romanization for the Chinese name Fo Shan based on the Mandarin pronunciation of Fo Shan, is Foshan. From the Cantonese pronunciation of Fatshan, the Postal Map spelling \"Fatshan” is derived. Fat-shan is another romanization. Foshan is a romanization of Buddha Mountain. It refers to a hill in the middle of the town that three bronze Buddha sculptures were found. The monastery that was established nearby gave rise to the town, which was later destroyed in 1391. 
Foshan was a small settlement along the Fen River throughout most of China's history. It was built around a Tang-era Buddhist monastery, which was destroyed in 1391.  In the 15th century, the community's new focal point was the Foshan Ancestral temple, a Taoist temple dedicated to the Northern God (Beidi), which was rebuilt in 1372.