Copenhagen - Wikipedia
Early history . 16th and 17th centuries. Post-war decades. Administration. Administration. Environmental planning. Demographics and society. Quality of life. Parks, gardens, and zoos . Landmarks according to district. Christianshavn. Frederiksberg.
Copenhagen (/[email protected]’[email protected]) -'ha-/ KOH–[email protected]–[email protected] -HAH– or /’[email protected]@n -ha-/ KOH–[email protected]–[email protected] -hah–  Danish: Kobenhavn (khopm'haw?) (listen)) is Denmark's capital and largest city. The city had an estimated population of 805,402 as of January 20, 2022 (644,431 inhabitants in Copenhagen Municipality; 103,608 residents in Frederiksberg Municipality; 42,723 residents in Tarnby Municipality and 14,640 residents in Dragor Municipality). It is the heart of Copenhagen's larger urban area (1,336,982) as well as the Copenhagen metropolitan area (2,057.142). Copenhagen is on the east coast of the island. A portion of Amager is on the other side of the city. It is separated from Malmo (Sweden) by the Strait of Oresund. Both cities are connected by rail and roads via the Oresund Bridge.
Copenhagen was established as a Viking fishing community in the 10th Century near Gammel Strand. It became the capital of Denmark in 15th century. It established itself as a regional center of power in the 17th century with its institutions and defenses. The city was the capital of the Kalmar Union during the Renaissance. It was the seat of monarchy and governed the majority of the Nordic region. This union was governed by the Danish monarch, who served as head of state. From the 15th century, the city was the cultural and economic heart of Scandinavia. The union ended in 1621 when Sweden rebelled. The city was rebuilt after a plague epidemic and a fire in 18th century. The prestigious Frederiksstaden district was built and cultural institutions such as the Royal Theatre or Royal Academy of Fine Arts were founded. The Danish Golden Age saw the introduction of a Neoclassical style to Copenhagen's architecture after further disasters, such as Horatio Nelson's attack on the Dano-Norwegian fleet in the early 19th Century. The Finger Plan, which was established after the Second World War, encouraged the growth of housing and business along the five urban railway lines that ran from the city center.