Wellington - Wikipedia
Maori settlement. Early European settlement. National capital. Quality of life. Culture and identity. Housing and real property. Housing quality. Arts and culture. Musems and cultural institutions. Theatrical and dramatic arts. Community boards.
Wellington is New Zealand's capital. It is located between Cook Strait (the Remutaka Range) and the South-West tip of the North Island. Wellington is the administrative center of the Wellington Region and the second-largest New Zealand city by metro area. It is the capital of a sovereign nation's southernmost country.  Wellington has a mild maritime climate and is the city with the highest average wind speed. 
Wellington was designed in 1840 by Captain William Mein Smith. He was the first Surveyor General of Edward Wakefield's New Zealand Company.  New Zealand's Parliament, Government, Supreme Court and majority of the public services are located in the city. The Wellington urban area, which only includes areas of Wellington City that are urbanized, has a population of 215,900 as of June 2021. The metro area includes Porirua and Upper Hutt. It also has Lower Hutt. Since 1865, the city has been New Zealand's capital. This status is not defined by legislation but was established by convention. 
Wellington is home to many of New Zealand's oldest and largest cultural institutions. Many cultural and artistic organisations use the space, including the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra (NZSO) and Royal New Zealand Ballet. The Old Government Buildings, one of the most iconic buildings in the city, are among its architectural highlights. Also, there is the Beehive executive wing of Parliament Buildings and the internationally renowned Futuna Chapel. There are hundreds of galleries and art venues in the city. Many of these galleries are independent and small, but the City Gallery and Te Papa are the most prominent.  Wellington is also a leader in large-scale summer festivals like CubaDupa or the Newtown Festival.  Wellington's economy focuses primarily on services and has a focus on finance, government, and film. It is home to New Zealand's special effects and film industries. With two public research universities, it has become a hub of information technology and innovation. Wellington is New Zealand's main seaport and is used for both domestic and international shipping. The country's third busiest airport, Wellington International Airport in Rongotai serves the city. Wellington's transport network includes bus and train lines that reach the Kapiti Coast, Wairarapa, as well as ferries connecting the city to South Island.