Atlanta - Wikipedia
Native American settlements. The Western and Atlantic Railroad. Reconstruction and the late 19th century. Growth of the metropolitan area. Civil Rights Movement. 1996 Summer Olympic Games. From 2000 to the present. . Sexual orientation and gender identity. Arts and theatre.
Atlanta (/aet’[email protected]/[email protected]), is the capital and largest city in the U.S. state Georgia. It is home to 498,715 people, making it the eighth-most populous Southeast city and the 38th most populous in the United States. census. It serves as the cultural-economic heart of the larger Atlanta metropolitan region, which is home to 6,144,000.50 people. This makes it the eighth largest metropolitan area in the United States. It is also the county seat, Fulton County's most populous. It is located at an elevation just above 1,000 feet above sea level in the Appalachian Mountains. The unique topography includes rolling hills, lush greenery and the highest urban tree coverage in any major American city. 
Atlanta was initially established as the terminus for a major state-sponsored railway. But it quickly became the convergence point of several railroads and accelerated its growth. The Western and Atlantic Railroad was one of the railroads that made Atlanta a major transportation hub. It was a strategic asset for the Confederacy during the American Civil War and was captured in 1864. During General William T. Sherman's March To the Sea, the city was nearly completely destroyed. The city recovered quickly after the war and became an industrial hub and unofficial capital for the \"New South\". It was a key organizing hub for the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s. Ralph David Abernathy and Martin Luther King Jr. were prominent members of that movement's leadership.  In the modern era, Atlanta has stayed true to its reputation as a major center of transportation, with Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport becoming the world's busiest airport by passenger traffic in 1998 (a position it has held every year since, with the exception of 2020 as a result of the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic)