Amsterdam - Wikipedia
. Etymology and founding Conflict with Spain. The Dutch Golden Age . Modernization and decline. 20th century-present. Historical population. Diversity and immigration. Architecture and cityscape. Parks and recreation areas. Port of Amsterdam.
Amsterdam (/'[email protected]/[email protected]–dam, UK also/,[email protected]’daem/[email protected]–DAM,  Dutch: [[email protected]’dam] (listen),) is the capital of the Netherlands and the most populous. It has a population of 907–976 in the city itself, 1,558–755 in its urban area[6 and 2,480,394 within the metropolitan area.  Amsterdam is located in the Dutch province of North Holland.  Amsterdam, colloquially called the \"Venice of the North\" because of the many canals that form a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 
Amsterdam was established at the Amstel, which was dammed to prevent flooding. The Amstel dam is the source of the city's name.  Amsterdam was founded as a small fishing community in the 12th century. During the Dutch Golden Age, 17th-century Dutch Golden Age, Amsterdam was one of the most important ports around the world and became the centre of finance and trade.  The city grew and new suburbs and neighborhoods were built in the 19th and 20th century. The UNESCO World Heritage List includes the 17-century Amsterdam canals and the 19-20th-century Defence Line of Amsterdam. Sloten, which was annexed by the municipality in 1921, is the oldest area of the city. It dates back to the 9th Century.