Pune - Wikipedia
Medieval and Early Periods. British Rule (1818-1847). Centre for Social Reform and Nationalism. Since Indian Independence. Museums, parks, and zoos. Public services and government. Administration of the civic realm. Education and research. Secondary and primary education. Research institutes. International relations.
Pune (Marathi pronunciation: [pune] (listen); English translation: /'[email protected]/; also known by Poona (the official name up until 1978), is seventh in India's most populous city and second in Maharashtra with an estimated population 7.4 million. [ref] It has been ranked \"the most liveable city in India\" several times.  Pune, together with the municipal corporation PCMC, PMC, and the three cantonment villages of Camp, Khadki and Dehu Road form the urban core (PMR). 
The 2011 census showed that the combined population of the urban area was 5.05 million, while 7.4 million were living in the metropolitan region. Pune, located at 560m (1,837ft) above sea level, is the administrative capital of the Pune district.
The city was home to the Peshwas in 18th century India. They were the prime ministers of Maratha Empire and one of the largest political centers in the Indian subcontinent.  The city was formerly ruled by the Ahmadnagar Sultanate and the Mughals, as well as the Adil Shahi Dynasty. The Lal Mahal and the Kasba Ganapati Temple are historical landmarks. The Mughal-Maratha Wars, and the Anglo-Maratha Wars are two of the most important historical events that occurred in the city.