Mumbai - Mumbai, India


Mumbai - Mumbai, India
Address: Mumbai, India
Mumbai - Mumbai, India

Mumbai - Wikipedia

Portuguese and British rule. Administration of the civic. Religions and ethnic groups.

English: /mUm’baI/ (listen), Marathi pronunciation: ['[email protected]] Mumbai, also known as Bombay (/bam’beI/-- this was the official name up until 1995), is the capital of the Indian state Maharashtra. It is also the financial center of India. According to the United Nations (UN), Mumbai was the second-most populous Indian city after Delhi, and eighth in the world with approximately 2 crore (20 million) inhabitants. [18] According to the 2011 Indian government census, Mumbai was the largest city in India. It had an estimated population of 1.25 million (12.5 million), and it is located under the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. [19] Mumbai, the heart of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region is home to the sixth-most populous metropolitan area in the globe with a population exceeding 2.3 million (23 million). Mumbai is located on the Konkan coast, on the west coast India. It has a deep natural harbor. Mumbai was named an Alpha World City in 2008. [21][22] Mumbai is home to the most millionaires and billionaires of all Indian cities. [23][24] Mumbai has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites. These are the Elephanta Caves and Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus. They also have the distinctive collection of Victorian and Art Deco buildings built in the 19th century and 20th centuries. [25][26]

Mumbai's seven islands were once home to Marathi-language speaking Koli communities. [27][28][29] The seven islands that make up Bombay have been under successive Indian rulers for centuries. They were then ceded to Portugal, then to the East India Company in 1661 through the dowry given by Catherine Braganza to Charles II of England. Bombay was transformed by the Hornby Vellard Project[31] in the middle of 18th century. This project aimed to reclamate the area between seven islands. [32] The reclamation project was completed in 1845 and transformed Bombay to a major port on the Arabian Sea. Bombay's 19th century history was marked by its economic and educational growth. It was a strong foundation for the Indian independence movement in the early 20th Century. The city was included into Bombay State upon India's 1947 independence. A new state of Maharashtra was established in 1960 with Bombay as its capital, following the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement. [33]