Bologna - Wikipedia
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Bologna (/[email protected]’[email protected]/; UK also/[email protected]’[email protected]/) (listen); Bolognese : Bulaggna (bu'ln?a]; Latin : Bononia), is the capital of the Emilia–Romagna Region in Northern Italy. It is home to approximately 400,000 people and 150 nationalities. The city's metropolitan area houses more than 1,000,000 residents. It is home to the oldest university of the west,  and has been known as the Fat, Red, and Learn'd City. 
The city was originally Etruscan and has been a major urban centre for centuries. It was first called Felsina by the Etruscans. Later, it was called Bona by the Celts. Later, it was under the Romans (Bononia). Finally, it was a free municipality and signoria in the Middle Ages. This made it one of the largest European cities. Bologna is known for its towers and churches, and long porticos. This historic centre has been well preserved thanks to careful restoration and conservation policies that began in the 1970s.  Home to the oldest university in the Western world, the University of Bologna, established in AD 1088, the city has a large student population that gives it a cosmopolitan character. It was designated European capital of culture in 2000 and UNESCO's \"City of Music\" in 2006. The city joined the Creative Cities Network.  The city's long porticoes were designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2021.