Warsaw - Wikipedia
Names and toponymy. Second World War. Topography and location. Urbanism, architecture . Flora and fauna. Immigrant population. Politics and government. Municipal government. Warsaw Stock Exchange. Media and film. Music and theatre. Musems and art galleries.
Warsaw[a] (Polish : Warszawa [var'sava]) is the capital of Poland and the largest city. It is located on the River Vistula, east-central Poland. Officially, the metropolis has 1.8 million inhabitants. There are 3.1 million people living in the greater metropolitan area. Warsaw is the 7th most populous capital city in Europe. The area of the city is 517 km2 (200 mi) and includes 18 boroughs. Meanwhile, the metropolitan area covers 6,100km2 (2,355 mi). Warsaw is a global alpha city.  It is the seat of government and a key cultural, political, and economic center. The UNESCO World Heritage Site for Warsaw's Old Town was established in its historical past.
Warsaw's origins can be traced back to a small fishing village in Masovia. In the 16th century, Sigismund III moved the Polish capital to Krakow. Warsaw was the capital de facto of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1795 to 1795 and then as the seat of Napoleon’s Duchy of Warsaw. It was one of Europe's most populous and largest cities, thanks to the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century. Warsaw, known for its beautiful architecture and boulevards was bombarded and then besieged by the Allies at the beginning of World War II in 1939.  A large part of the historic city was demolished and its diverse population decimated during the Ghetto Uprising, which took place in 1943 and the general Warsaw Uprising that took place in 1944.