enarfritptes

Madrid - Palacio de Cristal, Spain

https://www.museoreinasofia.es/en/museum/venues

Madrid - Palacio de Cristal, Spain
Address: P.º de Cuba, 4, 28009 Madrid, Spain
Madrid - Palacio de Cristal, Spain

Madrid - Palacio de Cristal, Spain

Venues | Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía

Velazquez Palace.

The Hospital de San Carlos was founded in 18th century. Its current name is Francisco Sabatini (Palermo Italy, 1722 - Madrid 1797), who was the architect responsible for its construction. King Carlos III of Spain initiated the establishment of the hospital as part of his efforts to provide Madrid with the infrastructure needed for good hygiene and order. After a first phase of construction under Jose de Hermosilla's direction (Llerena Badajoz 1715 - Madrid 1776), Sabatini from the Bourbon Court of Naples completed the hospital using a sombre neoclassical design that was influenced by the Late Renaissance.

The building was abandoned after the death of the monarch in 1788. However, it started to serve as a hospital shortly afterwards and continued to do so until 1965. After several years of neglect and threats of demolition, the Spanish government declared the building a Historical-Artistic Monument (in 1977), which allowed for its preservation and public access.

Antonio Fernandez Alba, Salamanca, 1927, renovated the building in 1980 to make it more suitable for exhibitions. It was first used as an art center for temporary exhibitions in 1986. The museum became a museum in 1990. The hospital's unfinished elements were used to modify the building. The outdoor space that was supposed to be a courtyard was made a public square. Calle Atocha is connected with the museum via Calle Atocha. The missing facade was replaced by two massive towers made of steel and glass that house the exterior lifts. These towers were built by Jose Luis Iniguez de Onzono (Bilbao 1927) and Antonio Vazquez de Castro (1929) in collaboration to Ian Ritchie (Sussex 1947). They are one of the Museum's most prominent features.