Bangalore - Wikipedia
History of the early and middle ages. Foundation and early modern history. Later modern and contemporary history. Administration. Indian Cartoon Gallery. Theatre, music, dance.
Bangalore (/[email protected]’lo:r/), also known as Bengaluru (Kannada pronunciation : [’[email protected]]) (listen), is the capital of Karnataka, India's largest city. With a population exceeding 8 million people and a metro population of approximately 11 million, it is India's third-largest urban agglomeration and third-most populous. Bangalore, located in southern India, on the Deccan Plateau at a height over 900m (3000 ft above sea level), is well-known for its mild climate all year. It is one of the most elevated cities in India. 
According to a stone inscription at the Nageshwara Temple, Begur, Bangalore, the city's history dates back around 890 CE. The Begur inscription, written in Halegannada (ancient Kannada), mentions the Battle of Bengaluru. This was an important turning point in Bangalore's history as it contains the first reference to the name \"Bengaluru\".  Kempe Gowda, a feudal ruler of the Vijayanagara empire, established a mud fort that is considered the foundation of modern Bangalore. It also contains its oldest areas or petes. Kempe Gowda declared his independence after the fall of Vijayanagar Empire. In 1638, Ranadulla Khan led a large Adil Shahi bijapur army and was accompanied by Shahji Bhonsle, his second in command. Bangalore was then given to Shahji (feudal estate). The Mughals took Bangalore from Ekoji I, and sold it to Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar (1673-1704), who was then the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore.  The administration of Bangalore was transferred to Haider Ali's control after he seized the Kingdom of Mysore.