Cairo - Wikipedia
. Fustat and other early Islamic settlements. Cairo's foundation and expansion. Apogee under the Mamluks and its decline. 1924 Cairo Quran. British occupation from 1956 to 1956 . 2011 Egyptian revolution. Post-revolutionary Cairo. Metropolitan area.
Cairo (/'kaIroU/ KY-roh, Arabic: [email protected]; romanized as al-Qahirah and pronounced [aelqa hera]) is Egypt's capital. It is also the largest Arab city. The Greater Cairo metropolitan area, with a population of 21.3 million, is the largest urban agglomeration in Africa, the largest in the Arab world and the Middle East, and the sixth-largest in the world by population. Cairo is often associated with ancient Egypt. The Giza pyramid complex, the ancient cities of Memphis (and Heliopolis) are all located within its geographic area. The city is located near the Nile Delta. It was originally called Fustat. This settlement was established after the Muslim conquest in Egypt in 640. In 969, a new city was established nearby, al-Qahirah under the Fatimid Dynasty. Fustat was no longer the city's main centre of activity during the Ayyubid-Mamluk periods (12th-16th century). Cairo is the heart of the region's political, cultural and social life. It has been called \"the city with a thousand minarets\" because of its large amount of Islamic architecture. In 1979, Cairo's historic centre was designated a World Heritage Site.  Cairo is a World City, according to GaWC.