Bangkok - Wikipedia
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Bangkok [a] is Thailand's capital and largest city. It covers 1,568.7 km (605.7 mi) in central Thailand's Chao Phraya River Delta. The population is estimated at 10.539 million, or 15.3% of the country's total population. At the 2010 census, there were over 14 million residents in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. This makes Bangkok an extremely primate city. It dwarfs Thailand's other urban centers in terms of size and importance for the country's economy.
Bangkok's roots can be traced back to a small trading station during the Ayutthaya Kingdom's 15th century. It grew over time and eventually became the location of two capital cities, Thonburi (1768) and Rattanakosin (1782). Bangkok was central to the modernization and renaming of Siam (later renamed Thailand) during the late-19th-century, when the country was facing Western pressures. Bangkok was the center of Thailand's political struggles in the 20th century. The country abolished absolute monarchy and adopted constitutional rule. It also experienced numerous coups, uprisings, and other changes. From 1972 when it was incorporated under the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, the city grew quickly and has a major impact on Thailand's economy, politics, and media.