Saint Petersburg - Wikipedia
Imperial era (1703-1917). Revolution and Soviet era (1917-1941). World War II (1941-1945).. Post-war Soviet era (1945-1991). Contemporary era (1991-present). Administrative divisions. Media and communications. Dramatic theatre. Roads and public transport.
Saint Petersburg (Russian name: Sankt-Peterburg). Sankt-Peterburg (IPA: ['sankt pijIr'burk]) is Russia's second-largest city. It was previously known as Petrograd (1914-1924), and then Leningrad (1924-1991). It is located at the mouth of the Gulf of Finland, on the Baltic Sea. The city has a population of approximately 5.4 million people.  Saint Petersburg is Europe's fourth largest city, and the Baltic Sea's most populous. It also has the distinction of being the northernmost city in the world with more than 1 million inhabitants. It is Russia's Imperial Capital and an historically important port. It is governed by a federal government.
Tsar Peter the Great founded the city on the site of a Swedish fortress that had been captured on 27 May 1703. The city was named after Saint Peter. Russia's Saint Petersburg is culturally and historically associated with Russia's birth of the Russian Empire, and Russia's accession to modern history as an European great power.  It was the capital of the Tsardom and subsequent Russian Empire from 1713 to 1918. Moscow replaced it for a brief period between 1728-1730.  The Bolsheviks moved to Moscow their government after the October Revolution of 1917.