Hanoi - Wikipedia
Pre-Thang Long period.
Hanoi (UK /(,)hae, [email protected]’noI/ hae-, ha-, [email protected], or US:/ha::-/ hah–NOY) is Vietnam's capital. It has a total area of 3,358.6km2 (1,296.8 mi). It is the second-largest city in Vietnam. It consists of 12 districts, 1 district-leveled village, and 17 rural areas. Hanoi, located in the Red River Delta is Vietnam's cultural and political center.
Hanoi's history dates back to the third-century BCE when a part of the city was the capital of the historical Vietnamese nation of Au Lac. The city became part of Han China after the fall of Au Lac. Vietnamese emperor Ly Thai To founded the capital of the imperial Vietnamese nation Dai Viet, in central Hanoi. He named the city Thang Long, literally \"Ascending Dragon\". Thang Long was the political center of Dai Viet until 1802, when the Nguyen Dynasty, the last imperial Vietnamese monarchy, moved it to Hue. In 1831, the city was renamed Hanoi and served as the capital for French Indochina between 1902 and 1945. The 6th January 1946, the National Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam proclaimed Hanoi the capital of the newly independent country. This designation would continue during the First Indochina War (1946-1954), and the Vietnam War (1955-1975). Since 1976, Hanoi has been the capital of Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Hanoi is home to many prestigious educational institutions and cultural venues of importance, such as the Vietnam National University, My Dinh National Stadium and the Vietnam National Museum of Fine Arts. It is home to a UNESCO World Heritage Site - The Central Sector of Thang Long's Imperial Citadel of Thang Long. This site was first built in 1011AD. Hanoi was the Asia-Pacific's only city to receive the title \"City for Peace\" from the UNESCO in July 1999. This honor recognizes its contributions to peace and its efforts to protect the environment, promote culture, education, and care for the younger generation. On World Cities Day, 31 October 2019, Hanoi was designated a Design City by UNESCO's Network of Creative Cities.  Other international events include APEC Vietnam 2006 and the 132nd Assembly of the Inter-Parliamentary Union IPU-132, 2019 North Korea-United States Hanoi Summit as well as the 2003 Southeast Asian Games. 2009 Asian Indoor Games are also on the agenda. The 2021 Southeast Asian Games will be held in Hanoi.