Los Angeles - Wikipedia
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Los Angeles (US: /lo:s '[email protected]@s/ (listen) lawss [email protected]@s;[a] Spanish: Los Angeles [los 'aNGxeles], lit. The largest city in California is 'The Angels', often referred to as L.A.. It is home to 3,898,747 people  and is the second largest city in the United States after New York City. Los Angeles is well-known for its Mediterranean climate and multicultural diversity. It also has a large metropolitan area and the Hollywood film industry.
Los Angeles is located in Southern California's basin. It borders the Pacific Ocean and runs through the Santa Monica Mountains to the San Fernando Valley. The total area of the City of Los Angeles covers approximately 469 square miles (1.210 km2). It is also the seat of Los Angeles County. This county is home to just over 10,000,000 people in 2020.
The Chumash and Tongva indigenous populations call the Los Angeles area home. Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo claimed the land in 1542 for Spain. Felipe de Neve, a Spanish governor, founded the city on September 4, 1781 on Yaanga. It was annexed to Mexico in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. Los Angeles and other parts of California were acquired in 1848 as part of Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. This made them part of the United States. Five months before California became a state, Los Angeles was established as a municipality. The city experienced rapid growth after the discovery of oil in 1890s.  In 1913, the Los Angeles Aqueduct was completed. This water delivery system brings water from Eastern California to the city.