San Diego - Wikipedia
Pre-colonial period. Spanish period. Mexican period. American period. Communities and neighbourhoods. Military and defense. International trade. Top employers . Local government. State and federal representation. Election history. Major scandals.
San Diego (/saen di’eIgoU/ SAN Dee-AY-goh; Spanish pronunciation: [san 'djego]) is a California city, located on the coast of California and adjacent to the Mexican border. San Diego, California's eighth largest city and second-most populous in California after Los Angeles, has a population of 1,386,932. It is the county seat for San Diego County, which is the fifth-most populous US county. There are 3,338,330 residents estimated as of 2019. It is well-known for its mild climate all year, natural deep-water harbor and extensive beaches, as well as its long association with the United States Navy, Marine Corps and recent emergence of a center for healthcare and biotechnology.
San Diego was once home to the Kumeyaay, and is often called the \"Birthplace of California\". It is the first place Europeans visited on the West Coast of America. Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, who landed in San Diego Bay in 1542 with the claim of Spain in 1542, established the foundation for Alta California 200 years later. In 1769, the Presidio and Mission San Diego de Alcala were founded. They are now California's first European settlement. San Diego was annexed to the newly-proclaimed Mexican Empire in 1821. It was reformed two years later as the First Mexican Republic. California was made a part of the United States after the Mexican-American War in 1848. It was then admitted to the union in 1850 as a state.