Ho Chi Minh City - Wikipedia
Ho Chi Minh City. Early settlement. Nguyen Dynasty ruler. French colonial era. Republic of Vietnam era. Post-Vietnam War and today. Administration. Administration. Ethnic groups. New urban areas. Transport by public transport. Transport by private means.
Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese; Thanh pho Ho Chi Minh) (listen or [than foh ci min]) was formerly and still frequently known as Saigon (Vietnamese; Sai Gon) (listen or [saj gon]) is the largest city of Vietnam. It is located in the south. The city is located in the southeastern region and covers approximately 2,061 km2 (796 mi).
The city was an area of sparsely populated land that belonged to the ancient empires of Funan and Chenla. The area became more populated after the arrival of Vietnamese. Officials began to establish the city between 1623 and 1698. The French took the title Saigon in 1862 when the last Vietnamese dynasty ceded it to them. In order to make the city a financial hub in the region, Saigon underwent urbanization. It was the capital of South Vietnam from 1975 to the end of Vietnam War. The government of the unified Vietnam was renamed Saigon to honor Ho Chi Minh (the Chairman and founder the Workers' Party in Vietnam) in 1976.
It is the country's economic capital and a popular international tourist destination. The city has many landmarks that are related to its past history, which can be seen in its architecture. The city is a major transport hub and hosts the Tan Son Nhat International Airport. It is the busiest airport of Vietnam. Sai Gon, or Thanh pho Ho Chi Minh, is also undergoing construction to provide transportation and educational facilities. It also acts as a major media outlet and entertainment outlet.