Brisbane - Wikipedia
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Brisbane (/'[email protected]/ [listen] [email protected]), is the capital of Queensland and the most populous in Australia. It is also the third-most populous Australian city (and Oceania) city. The metropolitan population of Brisbane is approximately 2.6 million. It lies in the middle of South East Queensland's metropolitan region. This region has an estimated population of 3.8 million. The Brisbane central business area is located within the Brisbane River peninsula, approximately 15 km (9 miles) from Moreton Bay. This bay is part of the Coral Sea.  Brisbane is Australia's most populous metropolitan area. It extends along the valley's hilly floodplain between Moreton Bay, the Taylor and D'Aguilar mountain peaks. It stretches across many of Australia's most populous areas of local government, including the City of Brisbane. This is Australia's largest local government area. Brisbane's demonym is \"Brisbanite\". 
Both the river and city are named after Sir Thomas Brisbane, who was New South Wales' governor at the time the city was established.  In 1824, the Moreton Bay penal colony was established at Redcliffe. It was intended to house secondary offenders from Sydney. The colony soon moved to North Quay by 1825. When Queensland was separated from New South Wales, 1859, Brisbane was chosen to be Queensland's capital. The city was a major port and a centre for immigration by the end of the 19th century. The city was home to the headquarters of General Douglas MacArthur, the United States Army's general command, during World War II.