Brisbane - Wikipedia
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Brisbane (/'[email protected]/ [listen] [email protected]), is the capital of Queensland and the most populous in Australia. It also has the third highest population in Australia and Oceania with approximately 2.6 million people.  Brisbane is located in the middle of South East Queensland's metropolitan area, with a population of approximately 3.8 million. The Brisbane central business district lies within the Brisbane River peninsula, about 15 km (9 miles) from Moreton Bay's mouth. This bay is part of the Coral Sea.  Brisbane lies in the hills of the Brisbane River Valley, between Moreton Bay (and the Taylor and D'Aguilar mountain peaks). It is spread across many local government areas. The City of Brisbane, Australia’s most populous, is the most prominent. Brisbane's demonym is \"Brisbanite\". 
The original inhabitants of Brisbane were the Turrbal, a Durabalic tribal tribe.  In 1824, the Moreton Bay penal colony was established at Redcliffe to house secondary offenders. It soon moved to North Quay 1825, on the banks the Brisbane River. The settlement is named after Sir Thomas Brisbane. In 1838, German Lutherans founded the first settlement at Nundah of Zion Hill. Queensland was made its capital in 1859 when it separated from New South Wales. The city was a major port and a centre for immigration by the end of the 19th century. The city was home to the headquarters of General Douglas MacArthur, the United States Army's general command, during World War II.