Athens - Wikipedia
Names and Etymology. . Parks and Zoos. Urban and suburban municipalities. Administration. Athens Urban Area. Athens Metropolitan Area. Modern Population. Population of Athens Metropolitan Area.
Athens (/’aethInz/ATH-inz? Greek : Athena, romanized as Athina [a’thina] (listen); Ancient Greek : Athenai romanized as Athenai. The capital of Greece is [athe:nai] It is home to close to 4,000,000 people and is 7th in the European Union. Athens is the capital and dominant city of the Attica region. It is also one of the oldest cities in the world, with a recorded history of over 3400 years and the earliest human presence dating back to the 11th and 7th centuries BC. 
Classical Athens was an important city-state. It was home to Plato's Academy, Aristotle Lyceum, and was a hub for learning, philosophy, and arts.  It is widely referred to as the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy, largely because of its cultural and political impact on the European continent--particularly Ancient Rome.  Athens, a large, cosmopolitan city, is the center of economic, financial and maritime life in Greece. Athens' urban area was home to more than 350,000 people in 2021. This is approximately 35% of Greece's total population.
According to the Globalization & World Cities Research Network, Athens is a Beta-global city and one of the largest economic centers in Southeastern Europe. It has a strong financial sector. The port Piraeus, which is Europe's largest passenger port, and the third-largest in the world, are also among its highlights.