New Delhi - Wikipedia
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New Delhi (/’deli/ (listen), Hindi ['[email protected]] 'dIli:] Nai Dilli), is India's capital and part of the National Capital Territory of Delhi. New Delhi, home to the Rashtrapati Bhavan and Parliament House as well as the Supreme Court of India, is the capital of India. New Delhi is a municipality in the NCT. It is administered by the NDMC. This area covers most of Lutyens’ Delhi and a few other areas. This municipal area is part a larger administrative district called the New Delhi district.
While Delhi and New Delhi are often used interchangeably as the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), these entities are separate entities. The New Delhi district and the municipality form a small portion of the metropolis of Delhi. The National Capital Region, which includes the entire NCT and adjoining districts in neighboring states such as Gurgaon, Gurgaon, Faridabad, Ghaziabad and Noida, is a larger entity.
George V laid the foundation stone for New Delhi during the Delhi Durbar in 1911. It was designed by Herbert Baker and Edwin Lutyens, British architects. Viceroy and Governor General Irwin inaugurated the new capital on February 13, 1931.
Calcutta, India's capital during British rule, was the capital until December 1911. It had been the center of nationalist movements since late nineteenth century. This led to Viceroy Lord Curzon's Partition of Bengal. This sparked a massive religious and political upsurge, including the assassination of British officials in Calcutta. Anti-colonial sentiments in the public caused a total boycott of British goods. This forced the colonial government into reuniting Bengal and shifting the capital to New Delhi.