Tokyo - Wikipedia
Pre-1869 (Edo period). Geography and government. Municipalities. Municipal mergers. National parks. Infrequent powerful quakes. Volcanic eruptions. Water management. Transportation. In popular culture. International relations. Sister cities and states .
Tokyo (/'toUkioU/? Japanese pronunciation: Dong Jing, Tokyo [tokjo:] (listen),) was formerly Edo and Tokio. It is now the capital and the largest city in Japan. With 37.468 millions people in 2018, its metropolitan area is the largest in the world. The metropolitan area covers 13,452 km2 and has a population total of 13.99 millions. The prefecture is located at the head Tokyo Bay and forms part of Japan's Kanto region, which lies on the central Pacific coast of Japan’s main island of Honshu. Tokyo is the political, economic and cultural center of Japan. It also serves as the seat for the Emperor of Japan as well as the national government.
The city was originally a fishing village called Edo. It became a major political center in 1603, when the Tokugawa Shogunate made it the capital. Edo, with a population of over 1 million people, was the largest city in the world by the middle 18th century. After the fall of the Shogunate in 1868 the imperial capital in Kyoto moved to Tokyo, which was then renamed Tokyo (literally, \"eastern capital\") Tokyo was destroyed by the Great Kanto earthquake of 1923 and by Allied bombing raids in World War II. The rapid reconstruction and expansion of the city began in the 1950s. It was then that Japan's economic recovery began. The Tokyo Metropolitan Government administers the 23 prefecture special wards (formerly Tokyo City), several bed towns and suburbs in western Japan, and two outlying islands chains.