Guangzhou - Wikipedia
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Guangzhou (UK, /gwaeNG’dZoU/;  US, /gwaNG 6] simplified Chinese pronunciation: Yan Zhou; traditional Chinese pronunciation: Guang Zhou (listen); Mandarin pronunciation pronunciation: [kwaNG.tsou] (listen); also known as Canton/kaen’tan/; alternatively, Kwongchow/Kwangchow is the capital of Guangdong Province in southern China. Guangzhou is located on the Pearl River, 120 km (75 miles) north-northwest from Hong Kong, and 145km (90 mi north of Macau). It has a long history and is known as Canton /kaen'tan/. However, it continues to be a major port, transportation hub, and one of China’s three largest cities. Guangzhou, which was once the only Chinese port that foreign traders could access, was taken by the British in the First Opium War. It lost its monopoly in trade after the war but continued to be a major transshipment port. Guangzhou, with its large urban population and high volumes of port traffic is a Large-Port Megacity. It is the most populous port-city in the country.  Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport became the busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic due to global pandemic-related restrictions.