Paris - Wikipedia
Louis XIV: The High and Late Middle Ages . 18th and 19th century. 20th and 21st century. Administration. Administration. Metropole du Grand Paris. Regional government. National government. Architecture and urbanism. Paris and its suburbs.
Paris (French pronunciation: \"paRi\") (listen) is the capital of France and the most populous. It has a population of approximately 2,165,423 people in 2019. It covers an area of over 105km2 (41 sq mi)  and it will be the 34th most populated city worldwide in 2020. Paris is often referred to as \"the capital of the universe\" since the 17th century. It has been a major centre of finance, diplomacy and commerce around the globe. Paris, the capital and seat of government for the Paris Region and the province of Ile-de-France is home to an estimated 12,997,058 people in 2020.  This represents 18% of France's population. It was the second-largest metropolitan area in the OECD in 2020 and the 14th largest worldwide in 2015.  In 2017, the Paris Region's GDP was EUR709 billion (or $808 billion).  The Economist Intelligence Unit Worldwide Cost of Living Survey found that Paris in 2021 was tied with Tel Aviv and had the second highest cost of living. 
Paris has two international airports, Paris-Charles de Gaulle and Paris-Orly. They are both major rail, highway and air transport hubs.  The city's metro system, Paris Metro, was opened in 1900. It serves 5.23 million people daily. It is Europe's second-busiest Metro system after the Moscow Metro. Gare du Nord, which saw 262 million people in 2015, is the 24th busiest railway station in all of Europe.  Paris is known for its museums, architectural landmarks, and the Louvre was visited by 2.8 million people in 2021 despite the lengthy closures due to the COVID-19 virus.  Musee Marmottan Monet, Musee d'Orsay and Musee de l'Orangerie have a reputation for their collection of French Impressionist art. The largest European collection of contemporary and modern art is held at the Pompidou Centre Musee National d'Art Moderne. Musee Rodin, and Musee Picasso showcase the work of two famous Parisians. Since 1991, the historical district of the city center along the Seine has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Popular landmarks include the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris located on the Ile de la Cite. Renovations are currently underway after the fire of April 15, 2019. The Gothic royal chapel of Sainte-Chapelle is another popular tourist site. It was built for the Paris Universal Exposition of1889 and features the Grand Palais (and Petit Palais) as well as the Arc de Triomphe, which can be found on the Champs-Elysees. Montmartre, with its rich artistic history and Basilica of Sacre-Coeur, is also a popular tourist spot.