Johannesburg - Wikipedia
Named after the gold rush and the naming of the city. Rapid growth, Jameson Raid, and the Second Boer War. Post-Union history. Industrial heritage rehabilitation. Law and government. Musems and galleries. Entertainment and performing arts. Parcs and gardens. Infrastructure.
Johannesburg (/dZoU’haenIsbe.rg/, also US /-’ha:n–/; Afrikaans [[email protected]’[email protected]]); Zulu and Xhosa eGoli [e’go:li]), also known as Jozi or \"The City of Gold\", is the largest city of South Africa.  According to Demographia, the Johannesburg-Pretoria urban area (combined because of strong transport links that make commuting feasible) is the 26th-largest in the world, with 14,167,000 inhabitants. It is also the capital of Gauteng and the largest city in the province. This is South Africa's wealthiest province. Johannesburg is home to the Constitutional Court. It is South Africa's highest court. Johannesburg is home to most of the top South African banks and companies. It is situated in the Witwatersrand hills, which are rich in minerals. The city is also the center of large-scale diamond and gold trade. It hosted the final of FIFA World Cup 2010's official tournament.
After the discovery of gold in an old farm, the city was founded in 1886. The Witwatersrand's large gold deposit  made it possible for the city to grow to 100,000 people in ten years.
From the late 1970s to 1994, Soweto was a separate city. It is now part Johannesburg. Originally an acronym for \"South-Western Townships\", Soweto was originally a collection of settlements located on the outskirts Johannesburg. It was populated mainly by native African workers in the gold mining industry. Although Soweto was eventually integrated into Johannesburg, it had been designated as a residential area only for blacks (no whites permitted), and they were not allowed to live in any other White-designated suburbs of Johannesburg. Lenasia is populated mainly by English-speaking South Africans who are of Indian descent. These areas were made non-white in accordance to the apartheid policies of South Africa's government.