Osnabrück - Wikipedia
Early Modern age. Districts of Osnabruck. Twin towns - Sister cities. Twinning with Derby. Notable people. Public service and commerce. Additional reading . External links.
Osnabruck is a German city located in Lower Saxony. It lies in a valley between the Teutoburg Forest's northern tip and the Wiehen Hills. Osnabruck, with a population of 168.145, is one of the largest cities in Lower Saxony.  It is the central point of both the Osnabruck Land and the District of Osnabruck. 
Its position on the important European trade routes was a key factor in Osnabruck's founding. Charlemagne established the Diocese Osnabruck around 780. The Hanseatic League was also a member. One of the peace treaties that made up the Peace of Westphalia at the end of the Thirty Year's War (1618-1648) was negotiated in Osnabruck. The other was in nearby Munster.  Osnabruck was later given the title Friedensstadt (\"City of Peace\") because of its role in negotiations. It is also home to the anti-war novelist Erich-Maria Remarque, and Felix Nussbaum, the painter.
Osnabruck is now well-known for its industry. The city and surrounding areas are home to many companies from the paper, steel, and grocery industries.  Despite the extensive destruction that was done to the city in World War II, the Altstadt (an old town) was rebuilt extensively using designs that were faithful to the original medieval architecture. Osnabruck also housed the largest British garrison in the world.  Osnabruck has a modern urban image thanks to the presence of over 22,000 students at the University of Applied Sciences and the University of Lower Saxony.  Osnabruck, although it is part of Lower Saxony historically, culturally, and linguistically, is still considered to be part of Westphalia.