Neuss - Wikipedia
. Present to the 19th century. Since 1849, Mayors and Lord Mayors . Population . Points of interest. Notable people. Twin towns - sister communities. External links.
Neuss, German pronunciation: [noYs] [listen], spelled Neuss up to 1968; Limburgish Nuss ['nos] Latin: Novaesium), is a German city located in North Rhine-Westphalia. It is situated on the Rhine's west bank, opposite Dusseldorf. Neuss is located in the Rhein-Kreis Neuss region. It is best known for its historical Roman sites and the Neusser Burger-Schutzenfest. Neuss and Trier share \"Germany's oldest\" and Neuss also celebrated the 2000th anniversary its founding in 16 CE in 1984.
Neuss was established by the Romans 16 BC to be a military fortification (castrum). The current city is located north of the castrum at the confluence the rivers Rhine, Erft and has the name Novaesium.
Legio XVI Gallica (\"Gallic 16th Legion\") was a Roman army unit stationed in this area between 43 and 70 AD. After surrendering in the Batavian rebellion (AD70), it was disbanded. 
In the 1st Century AD, a civil settlement was established in the same area as the current town's center. Novaesium is, along with Trier (Augusta Treverorum), one of three oldest Roman settlements found in Germany.
Because of its central location along several routes, crossing the Rhine valley and having a harbour and ferry, Neuss flourished in the Middle Ages. The remains of Saint Quirinus the martyr and tribune, not to be mistaken with the Roman god Quirinus was moved to Neuss in the 10th century. The result was that pilgrimages to the shrine of St. Quirinus were possible even from outside the Holy Roman Empire. Neuss was established as a city in 1138.