Manchester - Wikipedia
Industrial Revolution. Post-Second World War. Musems and galleries. International relations
Manchester (/'[email protected] -tSes 4] Manchester is a city in Greater Manchester in England. It had a population in 2018 of 547 627.  It borders the Cheshire Plain, Salford to its west and the Pennines to its north and south. These two cities, along with the nearby towns, form a large conurbation. 
Manchester's history began with the civil settlement that was associated with the Roman fort (castra), of Mamucium, or Mancunium. It was established around AD 79 on a sandstone hill near the confluences of the rivers Medlock & Irwell. Although originally part of Lancashire in England, the areas south of the River Mersey of Cheshire were incorporated into Manchester during the 20th century. Wythenshawe was included in 1931. Manchester was a small, rural township throughout the Middle Ages. However, it began to grow \"at an amazing rate\" at the beginning of the 19th-century. Manchester became the first city to be industrialized after the Industrial Revolution. In 1853, Manchester was granted city status. In 1894, the Manchester Ship Canal was opened, creating the Port of Manchester. It links the city with the Irish Sea, which is 36 miles (58km) to the west. It suffered from deindustrialisation after the Second World War. However, the 1996 IRA bombing led to significant investment and regeneration. Manchester hosted the 2002 Commonwealth Games after a successful redevelopment following the IRA bombing.