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Basrah - Basrah, Iraq

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basra

Basrah - Basrah, Iraq
Address: Basrah, Iraq
Basrah - Basrah, Iraq

Basrah - Basrah, Iraq

Basra - Wikipedia

Rashidun Caliphate (632-661)[edit]. Infrastructure[edit]. Umayyad Caliphate (661 - 750)[edit]. Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258),[edit]. Mongol rule, and subsequent (1258-)[edit]. Portuguese empire[edit]. British and Ottoman rule[edit]. Monarchy to Saddam era (1932-192003)[edit]. Post-Saddam period (2003-present)[edit].

Basra is an Iraqi city on the Shatt al-Arab. In 2018, it was home to an estimated 1.4 million people. It is Iraq's largest port. However, Basra does not have deep-water access. This is handled at Umm Qasr.

It is the port from which Sinbad the Sailor traveled. Built in 636, the city has been a key part of Islamic Golden Age. Basra is a consistently hot city in Iraq. The summer temperatures often exceed 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees F). Basra was recognized by the Iraqi Parliament as Iraq's economic capital in April 2017. [4]

Basrah is the most popular name for the city throughout its history. Basrah, which means \"the watcher\" in Arabic, may be a reference to the city's history as an Arab military base against Sassanids. Others argue that the name derives from basratha in Aramaic, which means \"place of huts, settlement\". \"[5]

It was established in the Islamic era, 636. It began as a garrison for Arab tribesmen who were part of the Rashidun Caliph Umar's armies. The original military site, located a few kilometers from the current city, can still be seen at a tell. Utbah ibn Ghazwan, a Muslim commander, built his camp on the site where an ancient Persian military settlement, Vahestabad Ardasir was destroyed by Arabs. Its role as a military base against Sassanid Empire gave it the name Al-Basrah. Other sources suggest that the name is derived from the Persian word Basrah or Bassorah, which means \"where many paths come together\". \"[7]