Tallinn - Wikipedia
Administrative districts. Notable headquarters. Tallinn Black Nights Film Festival. Toompea - Upper Town. All-linn - Lower Town. Music culture. Transport in cities. Notable people. Architects and conductors. Twin towns - Sister cities.
Tallinn (/ta:lIn/, 'taelIn/),  Estonian : [talj:in]) is Estonia's capital and most populous primate. Tallinn is located in northern Estonia on the coast of the Gulf of Finland of Baltic Sea. It has a population of 438.341 as of 2021. Administratively, it lies in the Harju maakond. Tallinn is Estonia's main financial, industrial and cultural center. It is situated 187km (116 mi northwest) of Tartu, Estonia's second-largest city. However, it is only 80km (50 mi south) of Helsinki, Finland. Tallinn was most commonly known by its historical name Reval from the 13th century to the first half the 20th century.
Tallinn was granted Lubeck city rights by Lubeck in 1248, but the oldest evidence of human activity in the area dates back almost 5,000 years. After a successful raid by King Valdemar II in 1219, Denmark claimed the first claim to the area. This was followed by a period with alternating Teutonic and Scandinavian rulers. Because of its strategic location near the sea, the medieval port was a major trade hub. This was especially true in the 14-16th century, when Tallinn rose in importance as the most northern member city in the Hanseatic League. Tallinn's Vanalinn (\"Old Town\"), one of Europe's best-preserved medieval towns, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.