Dhaka - Wikipedia
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Dhaka (/’dha:[email protected]/ DHA–[email protected] or /’[email protected]/ DHAK–@; Bengali pronunciation: 'dhaka]), formerly called Dacca, is the capital and largest city in Bangladesh. It also happens to be the largest Bengali-speaking place on the planet. With a population exceeding 8.9 million people as of 2011, it is the eighth-largest and sixth most populous city in the world. It also has a Greater Dhaka Area population of 21.7 million.  A Demographia survey found that Dhaka is the most densely-populated urban area built up in the world. This fact is often referred to in the media.  Dhaka, one of the largest cities in South Asia, is a major city with a large Muslim-majority. The city forms part of the Bengal Delta and is bordered by the Buriganga River (Turrag River), Dhaleshwari River, Shitalakshya River, Dhaleshwari River, Dhaleshwari River, and Dhaleshwari River.
Dhaka is a region that has been inhabited since the beginning of the second millennium. The 17th century saw the development of Dhaka as a provincial capital, and as a commercial hub for the Mughal Empire. Dhaka served as the capital of an industrialized Mughal Bengal for 75 Years (1608-39, 1660-1704). It was the center of Bengal's muslin trade and was one of the most wealthy cities in the world. Jahangirnagar, the name of the Mughal capital, was given to it in honor of Jahangirgir, who was once the ruling emperor. It was home to the Mughal Subahdar and Naib Nazims as well as Dhaka Nawabs and Dewans. It was home to traders from Eurasia in the 17th-18th centuries, when its glory reached its peak. The Port of Dhaka was an important trading point for riverine and seaborne trade. The city was decorated by the Mughals with beautifully laid gardens, tombs, mosques and palaces. Once, the city was called the Venice of the East.  The British ruled the city and introduced electricity, railways and cinemas. It also had Western-style universities, colleges, and modern water supplies. As the capital of Eastern Bengal, Assam and Assam after 1905, it became an important administrative and education centre for the British Raj.  The city was made the administrative capital for East Pakistan in 1947 after the fall of British rule. In 1962, it was made the legislative capital of Pakistan. It became the capital of independent Bangladesh in 1971 after the Liberation War.