Bahrain - Wikipedia
Early modern era. 19th century and beyond. Protests in Bahrain 2011. Years after the Arab Spring . Politics and government. Relations with the outside world. Women's rights. Infrastructure. Telecommunications. Science and technology. Politician framework. New infrastructure for science, education and research.
Bahrain (/ba/'reIn/ (listen), Arabic: lbHryn; romanized as al-Bahrayn (listen),) is an Asian country. It lies on the Persian Gulf and is composed of a small archipelago of 50 natural and 33 artificial islands. The country's capital is Bahrain Island, which accounts for around 83 percent. Bahrain lies between Qatar and the northeastern coasts of Saudi Arabia. It is connected to the King Fahd Causeway. The country's population is 1,501,635, with 712,362 being Bahraini citizens, according to the 2020 census.  Bahrain is located on a total of 760 kilometres (290 mi) and is Asia's third-smallest country after Singapore and the Maldives. Manama is the capital and largest city.
Bahrain is home to the Dilmun civilization.  The pearl fisheries in Bahrain have been a major attraction since antiquity. They were considered to be the best in the entire world until the 19th century.  In 628 CE, Bahrain was among the first areas to be influenced and influenced by Islam. After a period under Arab rule, Bahrain was ruled over by the Portuguese Empire between 1521 and 1602, until they were expelled in 1602 by Shah Abbas I of Safavid dynasty. The Bani Utbah clan seized Bahrain from Nasr Al-Madhkur in 1783. Since then, it has been ruled over by the Al Khalifa royals, Ahmed al Fateh being Bahrain's first and only hakim.